What great impact toys have on children!
Children always learn about the world and explore the unknown during amusement. In this process, toys are an indispensable auxiliary method and an integral part of their happy childhood.
"Play" is the bridge between children and the outside world. Through the process of playing, it not only helps children discover themselves and explore problems but also satisfies children's innate curiosity and gives them the opportunity to express themselves about views and attitudes of things. Toy will become the child's closest partner and the child's best teacher.
The famous educator Montessori believes: "The essence of children is work (activity), work is play, and toys are the materials for children's work. With toys, their work will not be lost; toys can arouse children's interest in work. Only then will they concentrate on the operation and learning, and also help their self-construction and neurodevelopment. The provision and application of toys is directly related to the effect of children’s learning.” Mr. Lu Xun once said, “Games are children’s angels. We must pay attention to children. For the growth of children, we must pay attention to children’s games; to pay attention to children’s games, we must pay attention to children's toys."
Contemporary research and practice of preschool education have also fully proved that toys have an irreplaceable role in promoting the development of children's cognitive abilities.
1.1 Promote the improvement of children's perception ability. Perception is the main way for children to understand external things and increase their knowledge. In the early childhood, because the speech ability is still relatively poor. The information obtained by the children is mainly the image information obtained through the perception. Toys with their vivid exaggerated images and bright colors stimulate the children to contact with various sense organs. In the process of contact with toys, children come into contact with toys of various materials through seeing, hearing, mouth tasting, and touching, which strengthens the senses and observation ability, and promotes the improvement of perception ability.
1.2 To promote children's language development, toys themselves are a tool for children to express themselves. Compared with the language symbol system established by society, toys are a more handy "language" for children. A toy is a "wordless book", it is more like a "teaching syllabus" or an open "textbook", leaving a large space for learners to construct and imagine independently, and stimulating the baby's desire to express. Children express freely and create a suitable language environment.
For example, the exchange of toys and the exchange of play methods among children can make their language progress in a subtle way. "Can I play with your car?" "Can I play the building block game with you?" "Can I change it?" "Yes." "Okay." "Let's play together." " I'm playing, I'll play it for you later." Young children will also produce a lot of "self-talking" phenomena in the process of contact with toys. For example, when a child is playing with a plush toy, he will treat it as a conversation object under his control, and speak to it naturally: "You are so good, baby! I'm going to tell you a story, listen carefully! "
Children use their own language freely according to their own desires and interests, and fully demonstrate their verbal expression ability in a pretended identity. Without worrying about whether they are speaking right or not, whether they need to be corrected. In this way, the process of playing with various toys, children use vivid and specific language to creatively change the language with specific perceptions and actions. Thereby developing the cognition and understanding of the real world constructed with language as an intermediary. Therefore, it can be said that toys are the carrier of children's language development.
1.3 Promote the development of children's imagination. Toys have universal features of virtuality or symbolism and are marked by "pretend", which provides children with sufficient freedom or space to imagine. When children come into contact with toys, the phenomenon of replacing objects or people with objects often occurs that is taking toys as real objects or people in real life. Such as creative toys: robots, Barbie dolls, plush toys, etc. These creative and imaginative toys can better stimulate children's imagination. Children will use their existing life experiences to create game situations and develop imaginative games. Language learning, creating stories, etc., let children inspire rich imagination in their interest in activities.
1.4 Promote the healthy development of infants and young children. Toddlers go through a very important stage of development from birth to 6 years old. On the one hand, this period is an important period for the development of various basic functions of the brain and the body. On the other hand, due to the continuous expansion of children’s living scope and the development of various physical and mental aspects, the need to participate in adult social life has begun to arise.
Children’s knowledge and ability are poor, and they cannot really participate in adult activities. This requires toys and games enable children to imitate the behaviors and movements of adults and reflect the life around them in imaginary situations, thereby obtaining joy and satisfaction.
Facts have proved that toys can promote the psychological development of young children and are extremely closely related to the development and growth of infants and young children. Children use games and toys to promote muscle development, motor coordination and the development of perception.
It enables children to broaden their horizons, increase knowledge, and cultivate temperament. Developing language, improving understanding of things, cultivating children's creativity, imagination, thinking abilities and aesthetic concepts, cultivating good habits and moral qualities, and improving physical fitness, etc., all play a very important role.
Therefore, toys are extremely important to promote children's psychological development and growth, and they are an indispensable partner in the process of children's growth and development.
The mission of toys is to make children like them and arouse their joy. Therefore, children cannot do without toys. They are an important educational tool for preschoolers. If there are no toys during this period, that is to say, without any external stimuli, the child will feel lonely, and have nothing to do, and the reaction will gradually become dull over time.
In this case, there will be some bad behavior habits, such as eating fingers, chewing nails, pulling hair, tearing quilts, etc. Facts fully show that toys play a very important role in educating children. Toys are tools for children to understand the world and their partners in life. Before people know the words, they know the pictures. Before they know the pictures, they first know the objects. Therefore, toys are the first textbook without words for preschoolers.
2.1 Don't provide too many toys for children. So since toys are so significant to children, is it true that the more toys, the better for children's development? Studies have shown that children having too many toys at the same doesn’t benefit their psychological development, but also be harmful.
Too many toys will make children easy to develop looseness, focus on lack of concentration, instability, and do not work seriously. Non-detailed habits and bad personalities such as liking for the new and disgusting the old, changing from the past, thinking about changes, etc.
At the same time, too many toys will make the child develop a habit of wasting. I don’t know how to cherish the toy. Become a toy "destroy". On the contrary, there are appropriately few toys, which can make children learn to concentrate to a certain extent. At the same time, it is also helpful for children to study new ways of playing old toys and fully explore the potential educational functions of toys. When toys are not enough, children will learn to concentrate. Efforts to create the toys you need, which will benefit the children's ability, especially the development of creativity.
The role of toys is mainly to assist and promote the physical and psychological development of children, so it is not in quantity, but in suitability. The so-called fit, one is to be suitable for this age group, and the other is to promote the normal development of children at this stage. For example, a child about 1 year old is learning to walk. At this time, a drag duck toy is needed. It can make a noise to stimulate the child to get excited and help exercise his walking ability. Generally speaking, at a certain stage, two or three kinds of suitable toys are enough. If there are too many toys, put away the others in different categories. When the child is really tired of the toys on hand, there is no new feeling at all, and then take out a few new ones.
2.2 Choose different toys according to the children's different personality characteristics. Toys have different functions and play methods. When choosing toys for children, we should not only pay attention to their general developmental functions, but also pay attention to choosing toys suitable for their mental health development according to the children's personality characteristics. For example, buy extraordinarily good toys for introverted children, so that they have the capital to attract other children, and get the joy of socializing and sharing with others.
Another example is to provide dynamic toys, such as inertial toys, voice-activated toys, etc., to children who are withdrawn, unmoving, taciturn, and uncomfortable, so that they can chase cars, airplanes, and airplanes in a relaxed, free, and uncompressed game atmosphere. The tank, riding the baby carriage around, and working together with friends, using the same toy. The fun of the game effectively mobilizes the enthusiasm and initiative of these children's activities, so that they have a pleasant and confident experience, and gradually form a lively and cheerful personality.
2.3 Do not provide children with toys that are too easily damaged. Toys in the hands of children are mainly for operation, not for viewing. Therefore, toys for children must be sturdy and durable, easily damaged toys will often bring disappointment and unhappiness to children, and even bring unnecessary tension to children. Thereby reducing the entertainment of toys.
When children use these fragile toys, in order not to damage the toys, children are always careful when playing. If lasting for a long time, it is not conducive to the healthy development of the child's mentality, and may also cause the child to become a little nervous. From another perspective, if adults and children don't care whether the toy is damaged, easy damage to the toy is not conducive to cultivating the child's quality of cherishing toys and cherishing objects. In addition, damaged toys should be repaired in time. Because placing broken toys will result in the consequences of children not cherishing the toys.
2.4 Help children capture toys in life. Children’s education expert Chen Heqin said: “Toys should be understood in a broad sense. They are not limited to things sold on the street for children to play with. Anything that children can play, see, listen to and touch can be called toys.” Nature gave birth to human beings and provided them with a rich material life. With a heart that is curious about the world around them, children capture the things they are interested in. We should provide children with a vast world and let them perceive every interesting toy around them.
We can even use our own hands to create toys, such as self-made toys from objects in life. The play methods and forms are more flexible and diverse, and the space for children to do it themselves is relatively larger. Such self-made toys can promote children's imagination and increase their hands-on ability. Children are also full of fun with toys made by themselves, which can also stimulate children's creativity and imagination, and effectively promote children's intellectual development. Therefore, we can combine children's age characteristics and interests, start from the goal of developing children's thinking level, take local materials, and find and make some toys with the children. Play for them. It can also bring endless happiness to children. A good toy is better than a good teacher! Providing suitable toys for young children can be better than a good textbook, and has a good role in cultivating children's good habits, initiating and cultivating children's curiosity, exploratory nature, and cultivating children's learning ability.